In Arsk region of Tatarstan, a new variety of wheat with purple grains will begin to be propagated (Google Translate)
Bread made from purple wheat will be useful for improving health, enhancing immunity, and preventing certain diseases.
According to the data of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Tatarstan, the Nadira wheat variety with purple grains of the Tatar Scientific Research Institute of Agriculture is undergoing state variety testing. This variety will be propagated in the Arsk region. This was reported by the leading researcher of the Tatar Research Institute of Agriculture Nurania Vasilova.
“This year we will see such wheat for the first time at the variety plots of Tatarstan. Under the contract for multiplication, a small amount of seeds was given for the harvest of 2020 to one of the farms in the Arsk region, ”said the specialist.
According to Vasilova, the new variety of violet wheat was obtained by crossing. “At one time we received from the Omsk SibNIISKhoz lines of fodder wheat, they were colored purple. We put them into hybridization and got a good combination with purple seeds. We decided to find out what quality this variety has, what the grain yield will be, how it will withstand dry conditions and show itself in wet years. This line has reached a competitive variety testing, ”she said.
The leading researcher of the institute noted that when comparing the new variety with the highly productive standard variety Yoldyz, it is not inferior in yield and exceeds in gluten content. “Plus, it’s high in anthocyanins, which are antioxidants,” she said. – The grain is purple because there is anthocyanin in its shell. The amount of antioxidants in the shell is not that great when compared, for example, with blueberries. But since we eat bread all the time, this is also the prevention of diseases. ”
That is, bread made from a new variety of wheat will be useful for strengthening health, enhancing immunity, preventing certain diseases, the agency’s interlocutor continued. “We have already tried to bake such bread. We have a laboratory that conducts bakery evaluation of our new varieties, ”she stressed.
Vasilova noted that Ethiopia is considered the birthplace of purple wheat. “In our country, in the 1980s and 1990s, the Omsk SibNIISKhoz was engaged in fodder wheat with purple grains. This color was a marker not to be confused with food wheat. Such varieties, but fodder wheat, were already in the register under the name Omsk fodder 1 and Omsk fodder 2. But at present, they are not in the register of spring wheat varieties in Russia. There is a great demand for such grain, ”she concluded.